Curriculum for three to Five year olds emphasizes language, activity and movement, with a concentration on large muscle activity. Appropriate activities include dramatic play, climbing, puzzles, blocks, plenty of outside play and the opportunity to listen to simple stories and then discuss them. The most important area in this age group is self-esteem. As a caregiver/teacher, our most important role is to promote the positive self-image of each child as an individual. Every area of the child’s development must be addressed including: physical, cognitive, and psycho social.
The child at this stage of their development will look to the adult for support and acceptance of their attempts. Periodic adult re-enforcement in the form of one-on-one time, hugs, smiles, friendly touch (pat on back, high five, etc…) can help the child feel confident in his/her progress.
Preschoolers have a greater capacity than younger children for learning and abiding by simple rules and clear consequences. They enjoy playing with peers and the beginning of cooperative play and sharing skills begin to develop. Conflicts can begin to be addressed with simple problem solving techniques. Preschoolers develop in many areas and independence is helped by providing several choices in a wide range of planned activities especially developed for this age group. The following goals are set for Preschoolers:
· To build self-confidence and a sense of self-worth by allowing choices to be made within limits and to build on successful experiences.
· To promote and instill a sense of caring for, and sensitivity towards others.
· To provide a nurturing and relaxed environment with caring adults, where self-concepts are enhanced; independence encouraged; free choice decision offered; social skills acquired’ and individuality respected.
· To provide large portions of time in which the child can spend playing and interacting with friends, in a range of different and satisfying activities. The activities will be drawn from these curriculum areas: art, science, cooking, music, movement, drama, language arts, large muscle, fine motor development, and math games.
· Provide the child with opportunities to gain competence in a variety of skills and techniques that increase their interest and control over their environment.
· Provide for each child’s physical well-being while in our care.
· Provide opportunities to develop large motor skills and coordination through physically active play.
· Develop in the child an active curiosity about the world in which they live and an enthusiasm for learning, which stimulates exploratory behavior and creativity.
· Help the child to gain self-discipline in an environment where they know the limits and the expectations.
· Develop in each child an appreciation for nature and beauty.
· Provide an atmosphere in the classroom which promotes respect for others and for the materials they work with.
· Provide a wide variety of activities within a routine where cooperative play is encouraged. Through these activities children will learn to be able to trust their own feelings about what they learn, hear, see, and do, and begin to share these experiences with others.